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Basic Information




1.x / July 2009


July 2009

Significance of the File

contains general input data for the program package SV (several models for settling velocity)

File-Contents (in Catchwords)

Input Steering Data

  • global parameters (block Global_Effects)
Selection of some global effects, acting on all active sediment fractions.
  • key "Hindered_Settling" : parameter for Hindered Settling:
  • selector: perform computation with/without Hindered Settling.
  • critical value Cgel: sediment concentration in kg/m**3.
Concerning Hindered Settling: Reduction of settling velocity for high concentrations is due to several interactions between sediment particles. According to Winterwerp Cgel corresponds to a concentration, where a suspension becomes fluid mud. Typical value for Cgel is 80 kg/m**3.
  • key "Flocculation" : parameter for formation and break-up of flocs due to turbulence:
  • selector: perform computation with/without flocculation.
  • parameter WCA: factor for floc formation..
  • parameter WCB: factor for floc break-up.
Concerning Flocculation: Influence of formation as well as break-up of flocs on settling velocity is described through (1+WCA*G)/(1+WCB*G**2). Typical values for WCA and WCB are 0.3 and 0.09. G is the absolute velocity gradient.
  • key "Power_Law_Exponent" : parameter for nonlinearity of settling velocity in dependence on sediment concentration:
  • parameter m: exponent for the power law model.
Concerning the power law model: The influence of sediment concentration on settling velocity is given by k*C**m. The faktor k can be prescribed individually for each sediment fraction. A typical value for m is 0.8.
  • specific parameters for sediment fractions (block Sediment_Class).
  • key "Sediment_Name" : name of sediment class (fraction).
  • key "Density" : density of sediment class in kg/m**3.
  • key "Diameter" : diameter of sediment class in m.
  • key "Model_Type" : settling velocity model:
  • Constant: use prescribed constant settling velocity (Constant_SV).
  • Stokes: use constant settling velocity according to Stokes.
  • Dietrich: use constant settling velocity according to Dietrich.
  • Power_Law: compute settling velocity in dependence on sediment concentration (parameter Power_Law_Constant and Power_Law_Exponent) as well as the influence of flocculation (parameter Flocculation).
  • Manning: compute settling velocity in dependence on sediment concentration as well as turbulent shear stress according to Manning.
Further informations according to Manning can be found in (ca. 50 kB)Understanding the Sediment Transport Profile.
  • (optional) key "Constant_SV" : constant settling velocity in m/s for model Constant.
  • (optional) key "Power_Law_Constant" : factor for model Power_Law. Typical value is 0.005.

General Remarks

  1. While reading this steering data file the dictionary file sv_dico.dat will be automatically accessed in directory $PROGHOME/dic/ to support input.

Programs using this Type of File


Additional Information










interactive generation, editor



Original Version

G. Lang, B. Fricke


E. Rudolph, A. Sehili, H. Weilbeer


please refer to

  1. $PROGHOME/examples/lib/sv/,
  2. $PROGHOME/examples/untrim2007/STD/sv.constant.en.std.dat,
  3. $PROGHOME/examples/untrim2007/STD/sv.dietrich.en.std.dat,
  4. $PROGHOME/examples/untrim2007/STD/sv.stokes.en.std.dat,
  5. $PROGHOME/examples/untrim2007/STD/sv.manning.en.std.dat, as well as
  6. $PROGHOME/examples/untrim2007/STD/sv.power_law.en.std.dat.

back to: File Descriptions