imported>Lang Guenther 

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−  [[category:Tidal Characteristic Numbers]]
 +  Palette Example: Symbolization of salinity with a multicolored sequential color ramp (YlOrRd) 
−  [[de: Tidekennwerte der Temperatur]]
 
−  [[Tidal Characteristic Numbers of Salinitygraphical representations of the characteristic numbers of salinity]]
 
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−  ==Motivation==
 
−  The calculation as well as the graphic visualization of various tidal characteristic numbers of temperature and also for the advective transport of heat contributes to an improved understanding of tidally dominated transport processes in estuaries. Spatial variations of temperature, advective transport of heat by means of flood and ebb currents can be highlighted for areas like coastal seas and estuaries as well.
 
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−  * As the calculations are performed separately for the durations of ebb and floodcurrent it can be shown that transport paths can differ significantly for the two tidal phases. From this one can get additional insight with respect to the relevant transport mechanisms dominated by the tidal currents. This can be related to locally varying floodebb asymmetries for ebb volume and flood volume. Also the presence of horizontal gradients can contribute to this effect.
 
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−  * The variation of temperature resulting from the local maximum as well as the local minimum of temperature can be quite large. This is a consequence of the different temperature of e.g. sea and fresh water. The value for the local temperature variation is mainly the result of the product between the horizontal temperature gradient and the lagrangian drift of a water particle during a complete tidal cycle.
 
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−  An automatic analysis of all tidal characteristic numbers of temperature is carried through by the computer programs [[TDKSF]] and [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  ==Definitions for the Tidal Characteristic Numbers of Temperature==
 
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−  ===Program [[NCANALYSE]]===
 
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−  ====Flood Current====
 
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−  =====Advective Flood Transport of Heat=====
 
−  Exact amount of heat (with exception of roundoff) which passes a certain cross section during flood current due to advection. This quantity makes use of the normal flow of heat only, which is orthogonal to the flow face. Reconstruction of the total vector by means of projection is left to visualization programs (e. g. [[NCPLOT]]).
 
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−  =====Diffusive Flood Transport of Heat=====
 
−  Exact amount of heat (with exception of roundoff) which passes a certain cross section during flood current due to (turbulent) diffusion. This quantity makes use of the normal flow of heat only, which is orthogonal to the flow face. Reconstruction of the total vector by means of projection is left to visualization programs (e. g. [[NCPLOT]]).
 
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−  =====Advective Flood TransportRate of Heat=====
 
−  Exact transport rate of heat (with exception of roundoff) which passes a certain cross section during flood current due to advection. This quantity makes use of the normal flow of heat only, which is orthogonal to the flow face. Reconstruction of the total vector by means of projection is left to visualization programs (e. g. [[NCPLOT]]). On tidal flats this quantity is computed for the period of inundation only.
 
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−  =====Diffusive Flood TransportRate of Heat=====
 
−  Exact transport rate of heat (with exception of roundoff) which passes a certain cross section during flood current due to (turbulent) diffusion. This quantity makes use of the normal flow of heat only, which is orthogonal to the flow face. Reconstruction of the total vector by means of projection is left to visualization programs (e. g. [[NCPLOT]]). On tidal flats this quanmtity is computed for the period of inundation only.
 
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−  =====Mean Temperature Flood Current=====
 
−  Mean value of temperature during the flood current duration of a tide.<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: Mean temperature flood current]]. <br /> >
 
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−  ====Ebb Current====
 
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−  =====Advective Ebb Transport of Heat=====
 
−  Exact amount of heat (with exception of roundoff) which passes a certain cross section during ebb current due to advection. This quantity makes use of the normal flow of heat only, which is orthogonal to the flow face. Reconstruction of the total vector by means of projection is left to visualization programs (e. g. [[NCPLOT]]).
 
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−  =====Diffusive Ebb Transport of Heat=====
 
−  Exact amount of heat (with exception of roundoff) which passes a certain cross section during ebb current due to (turbulent) diffusion. This quantity makes use of the normal flow of heat only, which is orthogonal to the flow face. Reconstruction of the total vector by means of projection is left to visualization programs (e. g. [[NCPLOT]]).
 
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−  =====Advective Ebb TransportRate of Heat=====
 
−  Exact transport rate of heat (with exception of roundoff) which passes a certain cross section during ebb current due to advection. This quantity makes use of the normal flow of heat only, which is orthogonal to the flow face. Reconstruction of the total vector by means of projection is left to visualization programs (e. g. [[NCPLOT]]). On tidal flats this quantity is computed for the period of inundation only.
 
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−  =====Diffusive Ebb TransportRate of Heat=====
 
−  Exact transport rate of heat (with exception of roundoff) which passes a certain cross section during ebb current due to (turbulent) diffusion. This quantity makes use of the normal flow of heat only, which is orthogonal to the flow face. Reconstruction of the total vector by means of projection is left to visualization programs (e. g. [[NCPLOT]]). On tidal flats this quanmtity is computed for the period of inundation only.
 
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−  =====Mean Temperature Ebb Current=====
 
−  Mean value of temperature during the ebb current duration of a tide.<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: mean temperature ebb current]]. <br /> >
 
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−  ====Tidal Cycle====
 
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−  =====Maximum Temperature=====
 
−  maximum value of temperature during a complete tidal cycle (period between two subsequent slack water times of ebb current).<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: maximum temperature]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  =====Minimum Temperature=====
 
−  minimum value of temperature during a complete tidal cycle (period between two subsequent slack water times of ebb current).<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: minimum temperature]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  =====Mean Temperature=====
 
−  average value of temperature during a complete tidal cycle (period between two subsequent slack water times of ebb current).<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: mean temperature]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  =====Tidal Variation of Temperature=====
 
−  difference between the extreme values of temperature during a complete tidal cycle (period between two subsequent slack water times of ebb current).<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: tidal variation of temperature]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  =====Mean Temperature Flood Current : Mean Temperature=====
 
−  Ratio of mean temperature of flood current to mean temperature during the complete tide.<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: mean temperature flood current : mean temperature]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  =====Mean Temperature Ebb Current : Mean Temperature=====
 
−  Ratio of mean temperature of ebb current to mean temperature during the complete tide.<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: mean temperature ebb current : mean temperature]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  =====Mean Temperature Flood Current : Mean Temperature Ebb Current=====
 
−  Ratio of mean temperature of flood current to mean temperature of ebb current.<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: mean temperature flood current : mean temperature ebb current]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  =====Tidal Variation of Temperature : Mean Temperature=====
 
−  Ratio of tidal variation of temperature to mean temperature value of the tide.<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: tidal variation of temperature : mean temperature]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  =====Maximum Temperature : Mean Temperature=====
 
−  Ratio of maximum temperature of the tide to mean temperature value of the tide.<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: maximum temperature : mean temperature]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  =====Minimum Temperature : Mean Temperature=====
 
−  Ratio of minimum temperature of the tide to mean temperature value of the tide.<br />
 
−  <! [[Example figures: minimum temperature : mean temperature]]. <br /> >
 
−  Data analysis: [[NCANALYSE]].
 
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−  ===Program [[TDKSF]]===
 
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−  ====Flood Current====
 
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−  =====Advective Flood Transport of Heat=====
 
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−  amount of heat, which is transported by means of flood current through a cross section<br />
 
−  Example: not available.
 
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−  ====Ebb Current====
 
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−  =====Advective Ebb Transport of Heat=====
 
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−  Amount of heat, which is transported by means of ebb current through a cross section<br />
 
−  Example: not available.
 
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−  ====Tidal Cycle====
 
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−  =====Maximum Temperature=====
 
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−  Maximum value of temperature during a complete tidal cycle (period between two subsequent slack water times of ebb current)<br />
 
−  Example: not available.
 
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−  =====Minimum Temperature=====
 
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−  Minimum value of temperature during a complete tidal cycle (period between two subsequent slack water times of ebb current)<br />
 
−  Example: not available.
 
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−  =====Mean Temperature=====
 
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−  Average value of temperature during a complete tidal cycle (period between two subsequent slack water times of ebb current)<br />
 
−  Example: not available.
 
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−  =====Tidal Variation of Temperature=====
 
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−  Difference between the extreme values of temperature during a complete tidal cycle (period between two subsequent slack water times of ebb current)<br />
 
−  Example: not available.
 
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−  =====Advective Residual Transport of Heat=====
 
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−  Residual amount of heat which is transported by means of ebb and flood currents through a cross section (the different transport directions are taken into account). If the advective transport by means of flood current is equal but in opposite direction of the ebb current transport this will result in a zero advective residual transport of heat.<br />
 
−  Example: not available.
 
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−  =====Advective Temperature, FloodEbbRatio=====
 
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−  Flood to ebb ratio for the amounts of heat which are transported by means of flood and ebb currents<br />
 
−  Example: not available.
 
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−  back to [[Analysis of Calculated Results]]
 
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−  [[Overview]]
 